The royal houses of kings and emperors reflect their architectural style and wealth. Today, most of the beautiful palaces in the world are becoming one of the most popular tourist attractions. Visiting such great palaces helps to explore the history of the kingdom and the lifestyle of an era.
10. Pena National Palace, Portugal
Pena National Palace of Pena, located in the hills of Sintra, is the fruit of the creative genius of King Ferdinand II and the greatest expression of 19th-century romanticism in Portugal, with obvious influences from the Manueline and Moorish architectural styles. The palace is built so that it is visible from all points of the park, consisting of a forest and lush gardens with over five hundred different types of trees at the four corners of the earth.
The National Palace of Pena in Portugal is the oldest European castle in a romantic style. The palace was built on the ruins of a monastery severely damaged during the great earthquake of Lisbon in 1755. Today, with its restored red and yellow colours, the National Palace of Pena is one of the most visited monuments in Portugal and beautiful palaces in the world.
9. Mysore Palace
Generally described as the city of palaces, Mysore in India has several historical palaces, of which the Mysore Palace is the most famous.
The palace was opened in 1897 after the fire that ravaged the old palace during a wedding ceremony.
Its construction was completed in 1912.
During the festivities of Dasara in September and October, the palace is illuminated with more than 10,000 bulbs and offers a magnificent view.
8. Schonbrunn Palace
Schönbrunn Palace, with its 1441 rooms, is comparable in size to Versailles and is one of Vienna’s most important tourist attractions.
The palace was built between 1696 and 1712 at the request of Emperor Leopold I and was transformed by Maria Theresa into an imperial summer palace.
The Palace Park offers several attractions like the non-public garden, the oldest zoo within the world, a labyrinth and a labyrinth and therefore the Gloriette (a summer residence in marble) on a hill 60 meters high.
7. Summer Palace
The Summer Palace is located 15 kilometres from the centre of Beijing and is mainly dominated by the Longevity Hill and Kunming Lake.
As its name suggests, the summer palace was used as a summer residence by the imperial rulers of China – as a refuge from the “Forbidden City”.
The gardens were considerably expanded in 1750, replicating the styles of various palaces and gardens of all China. Kunming Lake has been expanded to mimic West Lake in Hangzhou
6. Topkapi Palace
When Sultan Mehmet took the Conqueror Constantinople in 1453, he ordered the construction of a new house.
This would be the palace that would later be called Topkapi.
The palace would stay the imperial dominion of the Ottoman sultans for four centuries, from 1465 to 1853.
Over the years, the palace complex has undergone constant changes. Today, the complex consists of four large yards of increasing size and much smaller buildings.
5. Chateau de Chambord
This second most visited castle in France (after Versailles) is a masterpiece of the French Renaissance. The Château de Chambord has 440 rooms, 365 fireplaces and 84 steps.
The construction of the castle began in 1519 by King Francis I so that he could hunt in the nearby forests.
The cold and massive rooms of the castle made it unpopular as a real place of residence. Francis, I himself stayed there for less than 40 days.
4. Palace of Versailles
Versailles was originally a house, inbuilt 1624 by King of France.
His successor, Louis XIV, expanded the site to make it one of the largest and beautiful palaces in the world and used it in 1682 to keep France under the absolute authority.
The Palace of Versailles remained the official residence of the kings of France until October 1789, date when the royal family had to return to Paris during the French Revolution.
Part fortress, part palace and part garden the Alhambra are situated on a plateau overlooking the city of Granada in southern Spain.
The palace was constructed during the mid 14th century by the Nasrid sultans and is a testament to the skill of Muslim craftsmen of that time.
The Alhambra is now one of Spain’s major tourist attractions and many visitors come to Granada just to see the Alhambra.
2. Potala Palace
Located on Marpo RI Hill, 130 meters higher than the Lhasa valley, the Potala Palace is 170 meters tall and is that the largest monumental structure in the Asian nation.
Although a palace was already built here in the 7th century, the construction of the current palace began in 1645 under the rule of the fifth Dalai Lama and in 1648 the Potrang Karpo, or white palace was completed.
1. Forbidden City
The Forbidden City is located in the centre of Beijing and is the largest and the most beautiful palaces in the world with an area of 72 hectares. The complex was built from 1406 to 1420 and consists of 980 preserved buildings with 8,707 rooms, surrounded by a six-meter deep ditch and a ten-meter high wall.
The distance between the Tiananmen Gate and the Gate of Divine Power is 960 meters. Twenty-four emperors ruled the country for nearly five centuries, from the Forbidden City to the abdication of Puyi, the last emperor of China.